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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
月-order.gif
Stroke order
月-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形), originally of the crescent moon.

月 月 月 月
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Usage notes[edit]

As part of a compound, should not be confused with , form of (flesh, meat), which is used for example for parts of the body such as (back). These may be drawn identically, as 月, but in careful use they are distinguished, with ⺼ written with unattached diagonal strokes. This is particularly an issue in looking up characters by radical; compare 月 index and 肉 index.

Han character[edit]

(radical 74 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 月 (B), four-corner 77220, composition)

  1. moon
  2. month, traditional Chinese lunar month
  3. (used to form names of months)
  4. KangXi radical 74

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 504, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14330
  • Dae Jaweon: page 879, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2041, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6708

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping jyut6, Yale yut6)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ nyet8, Guangdong ngiet8; nget8 [Meixian, Dongguan], Hagfa Pinyim ngiad6)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. moon
  2. a month (on the lunar calendar)
  3. every month
  4. menstruation
  5. abbreviation for 月曜日 (Monday)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つき, romaji tsuki)

  1. the moon
    日本 (にほん)では (つき)にうさぎが ()んでいるというお (はなし)があります。
    nihon de wa tsuki ni usagi ga sunde iru to iu o-hanashi ga arimasu.
    In Japan, there is a fairy-tale that rabbits live on the moon.
     (つき)地球 (ちきゅう)唯一 (ゆいいつ)衛星 (えいせい)です。
    Tsuki wa chikyū no yuiitsu no eisei desu.
    The moon is the only one satellite of the Earth.
  2. the lunar cycle, a month
     (つき)一度 (いちど)旅行 (りょこう) ()かけます。
    Tsuki ni ichi do, ryokō ni dekakemasu.
    I go for a trip once a month.
  3. (tarot): The Moon; the eighteenth trump or major arcana card in most traditional Tarot decks.
Synonyms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana がつ, romaji -gatsu)

  1. month of the year

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 2530
  • Halpern: 2956
  • Halpern Learners: 1876
  • Heisig: 13
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4b0.1
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Usage notes[edit]

When used in compounds counting a number of months with "ヶ"(, ka), 月 is pronounced as げつ (getsu). When used in compounds for modern months of the year, it is pronounced as がつ (gatsu). When used for poetic or lunar months, it is pronounced as つき (tsuki).


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(wol)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: wol, McCune-Reischauer: wŏl, Yale: wel)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: dal, McCune-Reischauer: tal, Yale: tal)

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin yuè
Zhuyin ㄩㄝˋ
IPA (key) /ɥ̯œ⁵¹/
Audio
(file)

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin yuè (yue4), Wade-Giles yüeh4)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin yuè)

  1. moon
  2. month

Compounds[edit]

Months of the year[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*ngiuæt)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA gua̍t (guat8), gue̍h (gueh8), ge̍h (geh8))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nguyệt, ngoạt)