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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
有-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (meat) – a hand holding meat, hence “in possession of”. The hand shape has been significantly abstracted; compare .

Han character[edit]

(radical 74 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大月 (KB), four-corner 40227, composition𠂇)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 504, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14332
  • Dae Jaweon: page 880, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2041, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6709

Chinese[edit]

 
to have; there is; there are; to exist; to be
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (有), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 云久切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨuX/ /i̯ə̯uX/ /ɣiuX/ /ɦiuX/ /ɦuwX/ /ɣĭəuX/ /ɣiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǒu ‹ hjuwX › /*[ɢ]ʷəәʔ/ have, exist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15595 0 /*ɢʷɯʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to have; to possess
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) there is; to exist
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Yǒu hěn duō rén. [Pinyin]
      There are a lot of people.

Usage note[edit]

  • If the subject of the sentence is a personne or an object, 有 is translated to to have. But when the subject is a place or is undefined, it is translated to there is.
Undefined subject
  1. [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]yǒu hěn duō rén [Pinyin]there are a lot of people
Place
  1. 街上 [trad.] / 街上 [simp.]jiēshàng yǒu hěn duō chē [Pinyin] — There is a lot of car in the street
  • 有 is the only verb not negated with . It is negated with
  1. 沒有 [trad.] / 没有 [simp.]wǒ méiyǒu qián [Pinyin] — I don't have any money

Adjective[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) some

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

  1. (archaic) again
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

  1. (archaic) and; with a remainder of (when dividing an integer by ten)

External links[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese
stroke order
有-jorder.gif

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. exist
  2. get to exist; appear
  3. keep; maintain
  4. existence; belonging
  5. someone did certain thing
  6. possess
  7. have
  8. happen
  9. occur
  10. approximately

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana なお, romaji Nao)

  1. A female given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: yu, McCune-Reischauer: yu, Yale: yu)
  • Name (hangeul): 있다 (Itta)()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hữu, hỡi, hơi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.