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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • See also (different characters in Traditional Chinese and Japanese)
  • Other forms: , , ,

Etymology[edit]

Originally semantic ("wood") + phonetic (pinyin: gōng, Old Chinese: *C.qˁoŋ).

Separately, for only the senses listed at Mandarin below, the simplified form of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木金戈 (DCI), four-corner 48932, composition)

  1. pine tree
  2. fir tree
  3. A surname, listed 216th in the Baijiaxing
  4. (simplified) lax, loose
  5. (simplified) loosen, relax

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 514, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14516
  • Dae Jaweon: page 901, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1173, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+677E

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad. 松/

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (松), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 祥容切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/zɨoŋ/ /zi̯woŋ/ /zioŋ/ /zioŋ/ /zuawŋ/ /zĭwoŋ/ /zioŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sōng ‹ zjowng › /*sə.ɢoŋ/ pine (n.)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4115 0 /*sɢloŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. As above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Simplified, adj.): Loose, lax.
  2. (Simplified, v.): Loosen, make lax.

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The pronunciation changed if used as .


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana まつ, romaji matsu)

  1. a pine branch decorated for the celebration of New Year
  2. the highest rank of a 3-tier ranking system

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • (たけ, take, the middle rank)
  • (うめ, ume, the lowest rank)

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana まつ, romaji Matsu)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(song) (hangeul , revised song, McCune-Reischauer song, Yale song)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tùng, thông, tòng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.