果物

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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果物 (kudamono, kabutsu): various kinds of fruit.
Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
もの
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Literally “tree's thing”. Originally a compound of (ku, tree, shift from ancient ko pronunciation) +‎ (da, possessive marker between two nouns, only found in a few compounds) +‎ (mono, thing).[1][2]

The medial da is also seen in (kedamono, beast, literally hairy thing).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

果物 (hiragana くだもの, romaji kudamono)

  1. edible fruit that grows on trees or shrubs, such as oranges and apples, or sweet edible fruit that grows along the ground, such as strawberries and melons
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
ぶつ
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Possibly from Middle Chinese compound 果物 (*guɑ *miət, literally fruit thing). Compare modern Mandarin 果物 (guǒwù) (rare), Cantonese 果物 (gwo2 mat6) (rare).

Rarely used in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

果物 (hiragana かぶつ, romaji kabutsu, historical hiragana くわぶつ)

  1. (rare) fruit
Usage notes[edit]

The kudamono reading is much more common in modern Japanese.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9