桂花

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Japanese[edit]

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Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Grade: 1
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桂花

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sinitic 桂花.

Noun[edit]

桂花 (hiragana けいか, historical hiragana けいくゎ, romaji keika)

  1. sweet osmanthus
  2. the flowers of the sweet osmanthus
Usage notes[edit]

The term 桂花 is generally reserved for compounds. The tree and the flowers are usually distinguished within Japan between the white-blossoming 銀木犀 (ginmokusei, "silver osmanthus") and the orange-blossoming 金木犀 (kinmokusei, "gold osmanthus"), with the latter being more popular.

Compounds[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From a Chinese legend that the phases of the moon were caused by trees (kei in Japanese: general name for Lauraceae and other fragrant trees), which would bud, blossom, then drop their flowers and leaves again as if in accelerated seasons. Literally, "kei flower", likening the phases of the moon to the budding and blooming of the trees.

Noun[edit]

桂花 (hiragana けいか, historical hiragana けいくゎ, romaji keika)

  1. (euphemistic) the moon

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From ("gui tree") + ("flower"), expanded from to distinguish the osmanthus from the 肉桂 ("cassia", "Chinese cinnamon").

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin guìhuā
Zhuyin ㄍㄨㄟˋ ㄏㄨㄚ
IPA (key) /ku̯eɪ̯⁵¹ xu̯a̠⁵⁵/

Noun[edit]

桂花 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin guìhuā)

  1. sweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans)

Synonyms[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From ("gui tree") + ("flower"), expanded from to distinguish the osmanthus from the 肉桂 ("cassia", "Chinese cinnamon").

Noun[edit]

桂花 (traditional and simplified, POJ kùi-hoe)

  1. the flower of the sweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans)
桂花