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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + 

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿金廿木 (TCTD), four-corner 32904, composition)

  1. profession, business, trade
  2. already (literary)
  3. karma

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 541, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15170
  • Dae Jaweon: page 928, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1247, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+696D

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (業), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 業
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 魚怯切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨɐp̚/ /ŋi̯ɐp̚/ /ŋiap̚/ /ŋiɐp̚/ /ŋɨap̚/ /ŋĭɐp̚/ /ŋiɐp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngjaep › /*[m-qʰ](r)[a]p/ work (n.)
‹ ngjaep › /*[m-qʰ](r)[a]p/ horizontal board of a bell stand or frame
‹ ngjaep › /*[ŋ](r)[a]p/ strong, sturdy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14819 1 /*ŋab/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. work, business, task, profession
  2. vocation
  3. arts
  4. performance

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sinitic .

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぎょう, romaji gyō, historical hiragana げふ)

  1. work, task, business: the job at hand
  2. profession, business, trade: what one does to earn a living
  3. studies, scholarship (the act of being a scholar), the arts
    医科着手する
    いかのぎょうにちゃくしゅする
    ika no gyō ni chakushu suru
    set to studying medicine, start one's medical studies
Proverbs[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sinitic . Translation from the Sanskrit term कर्मन् (kárman, act, action, performance).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ごう, romaji , historical hiragana がふ, ごふ)

  1. (Buddhism) karma
  2. sin, misdeed
  3. abbreviation of 業腹 (gōhara): resentment, resentful
Idioms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Stem noun form of verb 業る (naru, to earn a living). Ultimately of same origin as verb なる.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana なり, romaji nari)

  1. a living, a job, what one does to earn a living

Etymology 4[edit]

From Old Japanese waza.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana わざ, romaji waza)

  1. a work of great significance or intent
  2. an intentional act or action
  3. (Buddhism) a Buddhist memorial service
  4. one's job, occupation, profession
  5. a matter or affair: implies a complication or problem
    容易ではありません
    よういなわざではありませんよ。
    Yōi na waza de wa arimasen yo.
    It's no easy matter, I tell you.
  6. a technique, a means of doing something
    磨く
    わざをみがく
    waza o migaku
    polish one's technique
  7. a move or technique in sumo, judo, kendo, or other competitive activity
  8. a disaster, misfortune, calamity
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eop) (hangeul , revised eop, McCune-Reischauer ŏp, Yale ep)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nghiệp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.