業火

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ごう
Grade: 3

Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Buddhist term, imported into Japanese when Buddhism was introduced to Japan, some time during the Kofun, Asuka, and Nara periods.

From Middle Chinese compound 業火 (ngjæp xwaX, literally karmic fire). Compare modern Mandarin traditional 業火 and simplified 业火 (yèhuǒ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

業火 (hiragana ごうか, historical hiragana がふくわ, romaji gōka)

  1. (Buddhism) hellfire

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. 业火
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin yèhuǒ
Zhuyin ㄧㄝˋ ㄏㄨㄛˇ
IPA (key) /i̯ɛ⁵¹ xu̯ɔ²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/

Noun[edit]

業火 (traditional, Pinyin yèhuǒ, simplified 业火)

  1. (Buddhism) hellfire