Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

 + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木竹大月 (DHKB), four-corner 42927, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 553, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15526
  • Dae Jaweon: page 941, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1292, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6A4B

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (橋), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 巨嬌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiᴇu/ /gi̯ɛu/ /ɡiɛu/ /ɡiɛu/ /giaw/ /ɡĭɛu/ /ɡjæu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiáo ‹ gjew › /*[ɡ](r)aw/ bridge

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10351 2 /*ɡrew/

Noun[edit]

  1. a footbridge, a (small) bridge
    /   ―  qiáoliáng  ―  bridge
  2. beam, crosspiece

Usage notes[edit]

Most of the things English terms bridges—as over rivers—are described in modern Chinese as 橋樑桥梁, whereas is used for small, level crossings, as over canals or small ditches.


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
はし
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

/pasi//ɸasi//hasi/

From Old Japanese, originally indicating either the area between two things, or a connection between two things.[1]

Cognate with (hashi, stairs from a garden up to the house), both cognate with root hasa indicating the narrow area between two things, as in 狭間 (narrow gap between two things, classical hasama, modern hazama) or 挟む (hasamu, to put between two things that are close together, to squeeze between two things).[1] Cognate also with root hoso indicating the narrowness of a thing itself, as in 細い (hosoi, narrow, slender), 細める (hosomeru, to narrow something, to make something narrow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はし, romaji hashi)

  1. that which is constructed to connect two points for the purpose of transportation: a bridge
  2. a bridge-like walkway or corridor between two buildings in a manor, palace, castle, or similar structure
  3. a person who acts as a bridge between different people: a mediator, a go-between

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. 4.0 4.1 Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), ISBN 4-7629-3088-1.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kiều, cầu, kéo, kèo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.