欲しい

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 6

Adjective[edit]

欲しい (-i inflection, hiragana ほしい, romaji hoshii)

  1. want; desire, to need
     (わたし)はこの (ほん) ()しいです。
    watashi wa kono hon ga hoshii desu.
    I want this book.
  2. (after a て verb form) to want someone to perform the verb
    彼女 (かのじょ) ()ってほしかった
    kanojo ni katte hoshikatta.
    I wanted her to win.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The act of wanting something in Japanese, unlike in English, is usually denoted by an adjective (欲しい) instead of with a verb ("to want").
  • A verb denoting willingness ( (ほっ)する (hossuru)) exists, but its usage is quite uncommon.
  • The usage of this word can be considered overly direct or childish.
  • Adding a たい (tai) to a verb is often used too with a similar meaning:
    ケーキを ()たい
    kēki o tabetai.
    I want to eat a cake.
  • When following the ない (nai) form of a verb + (te) it means "don't want you to".

Inflection[edit]