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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
毋-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from (丿), replacing the two dots with one stroke.

Compare (from ).

Han character[edit]

(radical 80 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 田十 (WJ), four-corner 77500)

  1. do not
  2. not
  3. used as a surname
  4. rad. 80

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 588, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 980, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2380, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6BCB

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (毋), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 武夫切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨo/ /mi̯u/ /mio/ /mio/ /muə̆/ /mĭu/ /mio/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mju › /*mo/ don't

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9301 0 /*ma/ 母轉註字

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Not used in Japanese shinjitai in isolation – instead the unsimplified is used – but simplified form is used universally in compound jōyō characters, such as , .

However, not used in hyōgaiji, which are written in kyūjitai, such as .


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu, Yale mu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

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