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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形):  ((bowing figure)) +  – as with 氏, but a line underneath: a bowing figure standing on the ground.

Han character[edit]

(radical 83 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹心一 (HPM), 竹女心戈 (HVPI), four-corner 72740, composition, ⿱氏)

  1. name of an ancient tribe

Usage notes[edit]

As a component of complex characters, may have sense of “down, low” from the bowing, stooping figure, as in and ; compare more abstract .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 597, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17027
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2130, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6C10

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping dai1, dai2, Yale dai1, dai2)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeo) (hangeul , revised jeo, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, Yale ce)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (di1), (di3), zhī (zhi1), Wade-Giles ti1, ti3, chih1)