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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形):  ((bowing figure)) +  – as with 氏, but a line underneath: a bowing figure standing on the ground.

Han character[edit]

(radical 83 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹心一 (HPM), 竹女心戈 (HVPI), four-corner 72740, composition, ⿱氏)

  1. Di nationality in ancient China

Usage notes[edit]

As a component of complex characters, may have sense of “down, low” from the bowing, stooping figure, as in and ; compare more abstract .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 597, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17027
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2130, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6C10

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (氐), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 丁尼切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈiɪ/ /ȶi/ /ȶi/ /ʈi/ /ʈi/ /ȶi/ /ȶjɪ/
Character (氐), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 都奚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tei/ /tiei/ /tei/ /tei/ /tɛj/ /tiei/ /tɛi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tej › /*tˤij/ Western tribes
‹ tejX › /*tˤijʔ/ bottom

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2235 1 /*tiːl/
2262 1 /*til/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. name of an ancient tribe

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeo) (hangeul , revised jeo, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, Yale ce)

  1. the foundation, the basis, the origin