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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 84 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人弓火木 (ONFD), four-corner 80917, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 599, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17059
  • Dae Jaweon: page 990, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2011, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+6C23

Chinese[edit]

 
gas; air; smell; weather; vital breath; to make sb. angry; to get angry; to be enraged
trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

Original form of ("to present rice as a gift"), which is from the same source as ("to endow, to beg"). Current meaning came from phonetic loan. Cognate with ("anger, hatred").

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (氣), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 去旣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨiH/ /kʰe̯iH/ /kʰiəiH/ /kʰɨiH/ /kʰɨjH/ /kʰĭəiH/ /kʰiəiH/
Character (氣), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 許旣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨiH/ /xe̯iH/ /xiəiH/ /hɨiH/ /hɨjH/ /xĭəiH/ /xiəiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khj+jH › /*C.qʰəәp-s/ cloudy vapors
‹ xj+jH › /*qʰəәt-s/ to present food

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10140 1 /*kʰɯds/
10143 1 /*qʰɯds/ 後作餼

Definitions[edit]

  1. air; gas
    天然氣天然气 ("natural gas")
  2. breath
  3. (Chinese philosophy) Qi; vital energy; life force
  4. smell; odour
    氣味气味 ("smell")
  5. weather
    天氣天气 ("weather")
  6. to get angry
    生氣生气 ("to get angry")
  7. to make angry, to annoy
  8. to breathe

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (氣):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ki, Yale ki)

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Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khí)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.