Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Original form of () ("to present rice as a gift"), which is from the same source as ("to endow; to make endow, to beg"). Current meaning came from phonetic loan.

Schwartz see it as an Ideogrammic compound (會意) : Steam rising from a bowl of rice . Schwartz link the rice component to the concept of Qi. The nourishing vapors of boiling rice represent the Qi, the "vital energy" which make life possible.

But this theory is incompatible with the original meaning of the character. So the rice vapor should be seen as the etymology of () but not as the etymology of 气(氣).

References[edit]

  • 1985, Benjamin Schwartz, The World of Thought in Ancient China, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, ISBN 9780674043312:

Han character[edit]

(radical 84 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人弓火木 (ONFD), four-corner 80917, composition)

  1. air, gas, steam, vapor
  2. breath, spirit

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 599, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17059
  • Dae Jaweon: page 990, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2011, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+6C23

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping hei3, Yale hei3)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki, Yale ki)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin (qi4), Wade-Giles ch'i4)

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin , simplified )

  1. (Intermediate Mandarin) air; gas
    • 出去 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
      Chūqù tòu tòu qì! [Pinyin]
      Go out to breath fresh air!
    • 輪胎 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
      Lúntāi lòu qì le. [Pinyin]
      The tire leaks air.
  2. (Intermediate Mandarin) breath
  3. smell; odour
    • 把廚炊的煙火從衣服上去掉是很難的。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
      Bǎ chú chuī de yānhuǒ cóng yīfú shàngqù diào shì hěn nán de. [Pinyin]
      It is difficult to remove the smell of cooking from clothes.
    • 氣味 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]qìwèi [Pinyin] — smell
  4. weather
    • 天氣 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]tiānqì [Pinyin] — weather
  5. (Chinese philosophy) Qi; vital energy; life force

Verb[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin , simplified )

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) to get angry
    • 生氣 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]shēngqì [Pinyin] — to get angry
  2. to make angry, to annoy
    • 我! [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]bié wǒ! [Pinyin] — Don't annoy me!
  3. to breath

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-17.
  • "Jukuu" (in Mandarin/English), Jukuu.

Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ khì, khùi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khí)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.