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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 水一十 (EMJ), four-corner 31140, composition)

  1. perspiration, sweat

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 605, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17130
  • Dae Jaweon: page 999, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1550, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6C57

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (汗), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡安切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɑn/ /ɣɑn/ /ɣɑn/ /ɦɑn/ /ɦan/ /ɣɑn/ /ɣɑn/
Character (汗), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古寒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kan/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/
Character (汗), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 侯旰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɑnH/ /ɣɑnH/ /ɣɑnH/ /ɦɑnH/ /ɦanH/ /ɣɑnH/ /ɣɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hàn ‹ hanH › /*Cəә.[g]ˤa[r]-s/ sweat (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3573 1 /*kaːn/
3612 1 /*ɡaːn/
3616 1 /*ɡaːns/

Noun[edit]

(classifier , , )

  1. sweat; perspiration
    我正流着汗。
    wǒ zhèng liú zhe hàn.
    I'm dripping with sweat.
  2. (Internet slang) Used to express embarrassment, speechlessness, helplessness

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. sweat

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あせ, romaji ase)

  1. sweat

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(han) (hangeul , revised han, McCune-Reischauer han, Yale han)

  1. ( 한, ttam-): sweat
  2. ( 질펀할 한, mul-jilpeonhal-): flood
  3. ( 임금 한, doe-imgeum-): khan

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hãn, cạn, khan)

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