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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 水火竹 (EFH), four-corner 39120, composition)

  1. sand, gravel, pebbles
  2. granulated
  3. the number 10-8

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 611, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17212
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1005, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1562, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6C99

See also[edit]

  • Chinese Numeral

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (沙), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所加切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣa/ /ʂa/ /ʃa/ /ʃɯa/ /ʂaɨ/ /ʃa/ /ʃa/
Character (沙), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 所嫁切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣaH/ /ʂaH/ /ʃaH/ /ʃɯaH/ /ʂaɨH/ /ʃaH/ /ʃaH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shā ‹ srae › /*sˤraj/ sand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11025 1 /*sraːl/
11035 1 /*sraːls/

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, POJ soa (soa1))

  1. sand

Prefix[edit]

(traditional and simplified, POJ sa)

  1. sand

Suffix[edit]

(traditional and simplified, POJ se)

  1. sand

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa) [모래 사]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sa, sá)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville