沢山

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
たく
Grade: S
さん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Origin unknown.

Adjectival noun[edit]

沢山 (-na inflection, hiragana たくさん, romaji takusan)

  1. many, numerous

Adverb[edit]

沢山 (hiragana たくさん, romaji takusan)

  1. much, a great deal, liberally, a lot

Usage notes[edit]

Unlike many other adjectival nouns that have adverbial senses, 沢山 as an adverb omits the particle に when used before a verb. Compare:

  • ケーキを (しず) ()べました。
    kēki o shizuka ni tabemashita.
    We ate cake quietly. -- Yes check.svg Valid.
  • ケーキを (しず) ()べました。
    kēki o shizuka tabemashita.
    We ate cake quietly. -- X mark.svg Invalid.
  • ケーキを沢山 (たくさん) ()べました。
    kēki o takusan ni tabemashita.
    We ate a lot of cake. -- X mark.svg Invalid.
  • ケーキを沢山 (たくさん) ()べました。
    kēki o takusan tabemashita.
    We ate a lot of cake. -- Yes check.svg Valid.

Noun[edit]

沢山 (hiragana たくさん, romaji takusan)

  1. much, a lot

Synonyms[edit]