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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水尸竹口 (ESHR), four-corner 37162)

  1. lake, fishpond, swamps

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 614, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17257
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1008, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1597, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6CBC

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale jiu2)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese. Root of the Old Japanese verb ぬる (nuru, to become loose; to become wet) and modern Japanese 濡れる (nureru, to become wet), adverb ぬるぬる (nurunuru, loosely; lukewarmly; oozingly).

May be cognate with Korean (neup, swamp, bog, marsh), Mongolian нам (nam, low-lying), намаг (namag, swamp, bog, marsh), норох (noroh, to become wet).

Generally only used in compounds in modern Japanese.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji nu)

  1. a swamp, a bog, a marsh
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Appears to be a compound of (nu, swamp) +‎ (ma, space, area).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぬま, romaji numa)

  1. a swamp, a bog, a marsh
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Chinese (tsyewX). Compare modern Mandarin (zhǎo).

Only ever used in compounds.

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana しょう, historical hiragana せう, romaji shō)

  1. a swamp, a bog, a marsh
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(so) (hangeul , revised so, McCune-Reischauer so, Yale so)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (gu3), zhǎo (zhao3), Wade-Giles ku3, chao3)

Compounds[edit]