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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水尸心 (ESP), four-corner 37111, composition)

  1. mud, mire
  2. earth, clay
  3. plaster

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 617, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17311
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1012, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1595, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6CE5

Chinese[edit]

 
restrained; mud; paste; pulp
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (泥), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 奴低切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nei/ /niei/ /nei/ /nei/ /nɛj/ /niei/ /nɛi/
Character (泥), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 奴計切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/neiH/ /nieiH/ /neiH/ /neiH/ /nɛjH/ /nieiH/ /nɛiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nej › /*C.nˤ[əәj]/ mud
‹ nejH › /*nˤəәr(ʔ)-s/ impeded, obstructed (Lunyu)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9417 1 /*niːl/
9421 1 /*niːls/

Usage notes[edit]

(Hakka) The ni5 (ni2) reading is literary, while the nâi nai5 (nai2) reading is colloquial. Readings in parentheses are Hagfa Pinyim.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana どろ, romaji doro)

  1. mud
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ni, i) (hangeul , , revised ni, i, McCune-Reischauer ni, i, Yale ni, i)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(), nề, nhãn

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.