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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水尸木 (ESD), four-corner 31904, composition)

  1. ditch, canal, channel, gutter

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 633, character 48
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17764
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1040, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1645, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6E20

Chinese[edit]

 
big; stream or canal; drain; ditch
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (渠), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 強魚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨʌ/ /gi̯wo/ /ɡiɔ/ /ɡiɔ/ /gɨə̆/ /ɡĭo/ /ɡiɔ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ gjo › /*[g](r)a/ canal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7042 0 /*ɡa/

Noun[edit]

  1. a passage that water or other liquids may flow along, and it is made by people: channel, ditch, canal, drain
    渠務 = Drainage Services

Proper noun[edit]

  1. Kui, a Chinese surname

Pronoun[edit]

  1. 3rd person pronoun; he, she, it
    哪得清如許 = ask (someone) why it (the pond) can be so clean like that

Synonyms[edit]

  • (3rd person pronoun):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geo) (hangeul , revised geo, McCune-Reischauer kŏ, Yale ke)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cừ, gừa, khờ)

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