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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 水十十月 (EJJB), four-corner 37120, composition)

  1. tide
  2. moist, wet, damp
  3. flow

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 650, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18277
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1060, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1737, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6F6E

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping ciu4, Yale chiu4)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/siho/: *[sipo] > [siɸo] > [ɕiɸo] > [ɕiwo] > [ɕio]. Cognate with ushio.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しお, historical hiragana しほ, romaji shio)

  1. the rising of oceans due to tidal forces from the moon and sun; the tide
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 18, poem #4045)
      於伎敝欲里 美知久流之保能 伊也麻之尓 安我毛布支見我 弥不根可母加礼

Etymology 2[edit]

/usiho/: *[usipo] > [usiɸo] > [uɕiɸo] > [uɕiwo] > [uɕio]. Cognate with shio.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うしお, historical hiragana うしほ, romaji ushio)

  1. the rising of oceans due to tidal forces from the moon and sun; the tide

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jo) (hangeul [[]], revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin cháo (chao2), yín (yin2), Wade-Giles ch'ao2, yin2)

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*djhiɛu)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(triều, trào, xèo, rều)