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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
灰-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (fire) – fire that can be touched with the hand (ash). Note that the hand 又 has moved so it resembles ; compare shape in /.

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大火 (KF), four-corner 71289, composition𠂇)

  1. ashes
  2. dust
  3. lime, mortar
  4. gray
  5. dirty
  6. disheartened

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 665, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18859
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1075, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2188, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7070

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (灰), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 灰
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 呼恢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/huʌi/ /xuɑ̆i/ /xuᴀi/ /huoi/ /hwəj/ /xuɒi/ /xuɒi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huī ‹ xwoj › /*m̥ ˤəә/ ashes

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5414 0 /*hmɯː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. lime; mortar

Noun[edit]

  1. dust; ashe;

Adjective[edit]

  1. grey

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はい, romaji hai)

  1. ash

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hoe) (hangeul , revised hoe, McCune-Reischauer hoe, Yale hoy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Mulam[edit]

Noun[edit]

(pu1)

  1. ash

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hôi, hoi, khôi, vôi, hui)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.