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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
(cursive)
無-cursive-order.gif
simpl.
trad.
The character 無 in cursive script.
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Etymology[edit]

Simplified from  ( → [[ ]]) – removal of 舛 (character used for sound). (Compare 可 from 奇.)

Source character meaning “dance”, top component graphically originally a figure with outstretched arms holding two animal hides: + + .

無 無 無 無
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人廿火 (OTF), four-corner 80331)

  1. negative, no, not
  2. lack, have no

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 673, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19113
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1081, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2211, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+7121

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping mou4, Yale mou4)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji mu)

  1. nothing, nothingness
  2. (Buddhism): The null set: neither yes nor no (in response to a koan or other question that mistakenly assumes an affirmative or negative answer).

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji mu-)

  1. non-, un-

(hiragana , romaji bu-)

  1. non-, un-
  2. poor

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

Yakja (略字, simplified cursive) form of 無.

(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu, Yale mu)

  1. (mu, “nothing”)
  2. (mu, “no”)
  3. (Buddhism) (mu, “neither yes nor no”) (in response to a koan or a question that mistakenly assumes an affirmative or negative answer)

Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Wade-Giles wu2)

Adverb[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin , simplified )

  1. not
  2. no, none, nothing

Verb[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin , simplified )

  1. to not have, to lack

Compounds[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ bû (bu5), bô (bo5))

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(traditional, POJ , traditional , simplified )

  1. have not
    goá i kóng
    I didn't tell him

Verb[edit]

(traditional, POJ , traditional , simplified )

  1. do not have
    零星錢
    goá lân-san-chîⁿ
    I don't have any change

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, , thủy)