無い

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Adjective[edit]

無い (-i inflection, hiragana ない, romaji nai)

  1. nonexistent
     (わたし)がテーブルの (うえ) (たし)かに ()いたリンゴが ()
    watashi ga tēburu no ue ni tashika ni oita ringo ga nai.
    I know I put an apple on the table, but it's gone.
    名前 (なまえ)はまだ ()
    namae wa mada nai.
    I don't yet have a name.
  2. not possessed or unavailable for one to use
     (かね)がない。
    okane ga nai.
    I'm broke
  3. not yet come, (expected but) not arrived
  4. first in occurrence

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This is only used with inanimate objects or things, with a few exceptions. When describing people or animals,  () (iru) is used instead.

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.