煙管

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Japanese[edit]

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煙管 (kiseru): a traditional Japanese smoking pipe
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Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 4
Irregular

Etymology 1[edit]

From Khmer ខ្សៀរ (khsiěrô) or ខ្សៀ (khsiě, a pipe for smoking).[1][2] Tobacco trade from Europe first went through Southeast Asia before reaching Japan. One source[3] suggests that the Khmer word itself was a borrowing from Spanish que sorber or Portuguese que sorver, “that which is sucked upon”.

Variant readings include kiseri and kisero[1], although these are rare.

The kanji spelling 煙管 is an example of ateji.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

煙管 (hiragana きせる, katakana キセル, romaji kiseru) (alternative reading katakana キセリ, romaji kiseri) (alternative reading katakana キセロ, romaji kisero)

  1. a tobacco pipe with a metal stem
  2. (slang) a way of cheating on one's train fare
    The train rider purchases two tickets, one for a short distance at the start of the journey, and one for a short distance at the end of the journey. In this way, the rider can avoid having to pay full fare for the total distance traveled.
    A pun on the way that there is (kane, metal, money) on both ends, but not in the middle, similar to a kiseru pipe.
  3. (slang) a way of buying votes for an election
    The vote buyer pays the voter part before the election and part after (assuming the election buyer wins).
    A pun on the way that there is (kane, metal, money) on both ends, but not in the middle, similar to a kiseru pipe.
  4. (obsolete) during the Edo period, someone who sold slow match to theater-goers to use to light their pipes
Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

煙管 + する (hiragana きせるする, romaji kiseru suru)

  1. (slang) to cheat on one's train fare
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: S
かん
Grade: 4
on'yomi
煙管 (enkan, “fire tube”): the red horizontal lines are the fire tubes

From Middle Chinese 煙管 (ʔen kwanX). Compare modern simplified Mandarin 烟管 (yānguǎn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

煙管 (hiragana えんかん, romaji enkan, historical hiragana えんくわん)

  1. a fire tube or boiler tube in a steam engine: a pipe that conducts hot gasses from combustion to heat the boiler
  2. a smokestack or chimney
  3. a tobacco pipe with a metal stem (same as above; kiseru reading more common)
Synonyms[edit]
External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1999 November, Tatsuya Suzuki, 喫煙伝来史の研究 (Kitsuen Denraishi no Kenkyū, “Research into the History of the Introduction of Smoking”)[1] (A5-sized hardbound) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shibunkaku, ISBN 4-7842-1018-0, retrieved on 2013-06-06:
  4. 4.0 4.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3