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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +14, 18 strokes, cangjie input 一人火 (MOF), four-corner 11809)

  1. fire
  2. wild fires

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 685, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19508
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1098, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2242, character 23
  • Unihan data for U+71F9

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale sin2)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. wildfire
  2. backburn

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compound of (no, field) +‎ (hi, fire). The hi changes to bi due to rendaku (連濁).

An ancient variant seen in eastern Japan uses the dialectical reading nu for .

Use of this kanji is rare, and is an example of jukujikun. The standard spelling is 野火.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana のび, romaji nobi) (rare)

(hiragana ぬび, romaji nubi) (obsolete)

  1. a wildfire
Alternative forms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Spelled using this kanji excludes the "controlled agricultural burn" sense found found under the 野火 spelling.

Etymology 2[edit]

Compound of (ho, fire) +‎ 退く (soku, to push away, to make distant).

The kun'yomi for is usually hi, but it can appear as ho or fu, particularly in older compounds.

The soku changes to soke due to conjugation of the verb. Grammatically, the stem form (連用形 (ren'yōkei)) soki would be expected; soke may indicate either a sound shift over time from a previous soki conjugation, or that the verb in this compound was originally conjugated into the hypothetical form (仮定形 (kateikei)) soke.

Use of this kanji is rare, and is an example of jukujikun. The more common spelling is 火退.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ほそけ, romaji hosoke) (rare)

  1. a backburn: a controlled fire deliberately set in the path of a wildfire to create a firebreak by removing combustible material
Alternative forms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The more common word for this is 向火, 向かい火 (むかいび, mukaibi)

Synonyms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hui) (hangeul , revised hui, McCune-Reischauer hŭi, Yale huy)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin xiǎn (xian3), Wade-Giles hsien3)

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