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See also: , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
爪-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • – when used as a top radical

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a hand grabbing from above (in earlier forms from side); compare , , .

爪 爪 爪
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 87 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹中人 (HLO), four-corner 72230)

  1. claw, nail, talon
  2. animal feet

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 688, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19653
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1101, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2030, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+722A

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (爪), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 莊 (18)
Final: 肴
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 側絞切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɣauX/ /ʈ͡ʂauX/ /t͡ʃauX/ /ʈ͡ʂɯauX/ /ʈ͡ʂaɨwX/ /t͡ʃauX/ /t͡ʃauX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǎo ‹ tsraewX › /*[ts]ˤ<r>uʔ/ claw

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17658 1 /*ʔsruːʔ/

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

(Mandarin) When used as a single syllable, often pronounced with rhotacization (r ending).

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. nail, claw

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つめ, romaji tsume)

  1. a nail; a claw

Derived terms[edit]


Khitan[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(jau)

  1. hundred (100)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trảo, trẩu, vuốt, trảu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.