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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
父-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (axe) +  (hand (in a certain sens)) – The father who lead the family has an ax as a sacred treasure.

Han character[edit]

(radical 88 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 金大 (CK), four-corner 80400)

  1. father
  2. KangXi radical 88

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 690, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1103, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2039, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7236

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (父), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 方矩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨoX/ /pi̯uX/ /pioX/ /pioX/ /puə̆X/ /pĭuX/ /pioX/
Character (父), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 扶雨切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨoX/ /bʱi̯uX/ /bioX/ /bioX/ /buə̆X/ /bĭuX/ /bioX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pjuX › /*paʔ {*p(r)aʔ}/ (respectful suffix in male names)
‹ bjuX › /*N-paʔ {*[N-p](r)aʔ}/ father
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3500 0 /*paʔ/
3504 0 /*baʔ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. father

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ちち, romaji chichi)

  1. father
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 20, poem #4402)
      知波夜布留 賀美乃美佐賀尓 奴佐麻都里 伊波布伊能知波 意毛知々我多米
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 1 page 115)
      父爲考、和名知々、日本紀私記云加曾

Etymology 2[edit]

From chichi. Eastern dialect.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しし, romaji shishi)

  1. father
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 20, poem #4376)
      多妣由岐尓 由久等之良受弖 阿母志々尓 己等麻乎佐受弖 伊麻叙久夜之気
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 20, poem #4378)
      都久比夜波 須具波由気等毛 阿母志々可 多麻乃須我多波 和須例西奈布母

Etymology 3[edit]

From chichi.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana てて, romaji tete)

  1. father
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 649)
      Tete. l, chichi. テテ. まはは, チチ (てて. または, 父) 父親.

Etymology 4[edit]

From chichi.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とと, romaji toto)

  1. a childish term for one's father; daddy
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 670)
      Toto. トト (とと) 父. これは子どもの使う語である.

Etymology 5[edit]

/kaso2/: *[kasə] > [kaso].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かそ, romaji kaso)

  1. father
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 1 page 115)
      父爲考、和名知々、日本紀私記云加曾

Etymology 6[edit]

From kaso. Medial -s- voices to /kazo/.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かぞ, romaji kazo)

  1. father

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bu, bo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: bu, bo, McCune-Reischauer: pu, po, Yale: pu, po)
  • Name (hangeul): 아비,  (revised: abi, ja, McCune-Reischauer: abi, cha, Yale: api, ca)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phụ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.