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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + : bright

Han character[edit]

(radical 89 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 大大大大 (KKKK), four-corner 40034)

  1. happy, cheerful
  2. refreshing

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 690, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19746
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1104, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 543, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+723D

Chinese[edit]

 
invigorating; straightforward; frank; open; bright; clear
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (爽), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 踈兩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɨɐŋX/ /ʂi̯aŋX/ /ʃiaŋX/ /ʃiɐŋX/ /ʂɨaŋX/ /ʃĭaŋX/ /ʃiɑŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11942 0 𤕤 /*sraŋʔ/

Adjective[edit]

  1. joyful

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 爽やか (sawayaka): refreshing, clear
  • 爽快 (sōkai): refreshing, invigorating
  • 昧爽 (maisō): dawn, daybreak

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang, Yale sang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sảng, sửng, sượng, sững)

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