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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – cloth on a loom, with threads crossing. Used phonetically.

Han character[edit]

(radical 89 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一火月大 (MFBK), four-corner 10227)

  1. you
  2. that, those
  3. final particle
  4. used in transliteration

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 691, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19750
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1104, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 27, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+723E

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (爾), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 兒氏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiᴇX/ /ȵʑie̯X/ /ȵieX/ /ȵiɛX/ /ȵiə̆X/ /ȵʑǐeX/ /ȵʑjɛX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ěr ‹ nejX › /*nˁeʔ {*nˁe(j)ʔ}/ numerous
ěr ‹ nyeX › /*neʔ {*ne(j)ʔ}/ (adv. suffix)
ěr ‹ nyeX › /*neʔ {*ne(j)ʔ}/ you(r)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2817 2 /*njelʔ/ 說文尒聲,甲金文象檷初文,取林義光說

Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おれ, romaji ore)

  1. (archaic, vulgar) you

(hiragana なんじ, romaji nanji)

  1. (archaic) thou, you

Interjection[edit]

(hiragana しか, romaji shika)

  1. (archaic) like that, as such
  2. yeah, uh-huh

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 爾来 (jirai): from that time on
  • 爾後 (jigo): from this time on

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(i) (hangeul , revised i, McCune-Reischauer i, Yale i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhĩ, nhãi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.