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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
牙-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 92 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一女木竹 (MVDH), four-corner 10240)

  1. tooth
    1. canine
    2. incisor
    3. premolar
    4. molar
  2. fang
  3. tusk
  4. serrated

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 695, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19909
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1108, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1419, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7259

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (牙), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 五加切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣa/ /ŋa/ /ŋa/ /ŋɯa/ /ŋaɨ/ /ŋa/ /ŋa/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngae › /*m-ɢˤ<r>a/ tooth

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14177 0 /*ŋraː/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. tusk, fang

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ki)

  1. (obsolete) fang, tusk, tooth (particularly the canine)
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 9, poem #1809); text here
      喫建怒而
      かみたけびて
      ki kami takebite
      ferociously gnashing teeth
Usage notes[edit]

Although this term is no longer used in isolation, it does persist in certain compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
きば
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Compound of Old Japanese elements (ki, fang, tusk) +‎ (ha, tooth).[2] The ha changes to ba due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きば, romaji kiba)

  1. fang, tusk, tooth (particularly the canines)
  2. (falconry) dog (primarily used for counting hunting dogs)
Usage notes[edit]

This is the most common term for fang in modern Japanese.

Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
かび
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Cognate with, and probably the noun derivation of, verb 黴びる (kabiru, to go moldy), from the root idea of something sprouting.[2] Used in the Kojiki.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かび, romaji kabi)

  1. (obsolete) a plant sprout, a plant bud
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Non-standard alternate spelling for (ha, tooth).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ha)

  1. Alternative spelling of tooth

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (ngæ). Compare modern Min Nan (ge5).

The goon reading, so probably the reading as first imported into Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ge)

  1. an animal's fang or tusk
  2. an elephant's tusk: ivory
  3. a tooth
Usage notes[edit]

The tooth meaning is much more commonly expressed using the word (ha).

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (ngæ). Compare modern Cantonese (ngaa4).

The kan'on reading, so probably a later importation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ga)

  1. an animal's fang or tusk
  2. an elephant's tusk: ivory
  3. a tooth
Usage notes[edit]

The ga reading is only used in compounds, and is never used in isolation.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune-Reischauer a, Yale a)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nha, hữu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.