- 1 Translingual
- 2 Cantonese
- 3 Hakka
- 4 Japanese
- 5 Korean
- 6 Mandarin
- 7 Min Nan
- 8 Vietnamese
- 9 Wu
- 犭 (when used as a left Chinese radical)
Although the alternative form clearly shows only three strokes, it is still counted as four strokes when using a Chinese dictionary. Compare 氵 from 水 (“water”), 扌 from 手 (“hand”), and 忄 from 心 (“heart”), all of which are a 3-stroke form from a 4-stroke character.
|Oracle bone script||Bronze inscriptions||Large seal script||Small seal script|
- radical number 94
犬 is the 94th radical in the Chinese dictionary. Compound characters such as 狇 mostly use the alternative form at the left of the character. Most represent something to do with dogs or other animals. A smaller proportion (e. g. 狀) use the primary form at the right of the character. A few even show both forms: in 獄 which means "prison" or "litigation"; "words" (言) stand between two dogs to keep them from biting each other.
- KangXi: page 705, character 27
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20234
- Dae Jaweon: page 1118, character 14
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1331, character 1
- Unihan data for U+72AC
犬 (jyutping hyun2, Yale hyun2)
- This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text
犬 (POJ khén, Guangdong k'ian3 [Meixian], k'ien3 [Hailu, Siyan, Hong Kong]; k'en3, Hagfa Pinyim kian3)
- CCDICT (Chineselanguage.org)
- Academia Sinica - Hakka-English Dictionary
- Lau, Chun-fat. Hakka Pinyin Dictionary (Chinese). Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1997 (Chinese IME supplement) ISBN 962-201-750-9.
From Old Japanese. Derivation uncertain. Various theories exist, including derivation from ancient verb 往ぬ (inu, “to leave, to be gone”), from the way a dog will guard the house while the master is away; from a compound of 家 (ie, “house, home”) + 寝 (nu, “to sleep”, ancient monosyllabic form of modern 寝る (neru)); from ancient Japanese 狗 (enu, “puppy, dog”), itself of uncertain derivation; or as a borrowing from some other unknown language.
- a dog; canine
- inu ni mainichi esa o agete kudasai.
- Please feed the dog every day.
- one who is loyal (like a dog)
- a spy
- Sound (hangeul): 견 (revised: gyeon, McCune-Reischauer: kyŏn, Yale: kyen)
- Name (hangeul): 개 견()
- 개 (gae)
- 犬公 (견공, gyeongong) (personification)
- 犬馬 (견마, gyeonma) dog and horse
- 犬儒 (견유, gyeonyu) cynic
- 犬猿 (견원, gyeonwon) dog and monkey
- 猛犬 (맹견, maenggyeon) fierce dog
- 愛犬 (애견, aegyeon) pet dog
- 鬪犬 (투견, tugyeon) fighting dog
- Dog (only in compounds)
Commonly found in some terms, and not to be used alone. For example, 1. 鬆獅犬/松狮犬 (literal meaning: loose-lion-dog)- chow chow 2. 狂犬病(literal meaning: mad-dog-disease)- rabies 3. 警犬- police dog 4. (Incorrect use): 我養了三隻犬。I have three dogs. (correct use): 我養了三隻狗。
- Example Words:
- 鷹犬 (yīng quǎn) "dogs that hunt eagle"
- 警犬 (jǐng quǎn) "police dog"
- 黃犬音 (huáng quǎn yīn) "news"
- 犬齒 (quǎn chǐ) "canine tooth", a.k.a. 犬牙 (quǎn yá) or 虎牙 (hǔ yá)
犬 (TLPA khián (khian2))