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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Composed of (radical animal) and , suggesting (solitary).

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大竹竹女人 (KHHVO), four-corner 42230)

  1. species of fox

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 708, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20333
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1121, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1340, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+72D0

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping wu4, Yale wu4)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
きつね
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Various theories. The most likely is based on the root form kitsu, which may have originally been onomatopoeic for the sound of a fox's cry.[1] The final ne syllable appeared for certain by the Heian period,[2] but the meaning of the ne portion remains unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きつね, katakana キツネ, romaji kitsune)

  1. a fox
    • 794: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki
      狐狼 上扈反, 倭言岐都禰, 又狐諼獸鬼所乘有三徳, 狐疑不定也, 狼音良, 訓, 似犬也, 倭言大神也

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as キツネ.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1937: Daigenkai (in Japanese). Reissued in 1984. ISBN 4-572-00062-X
  2. ^ 1998: 『怪異・きつね百物語』 (Yōkai: Kitsune Hyaku Monogatari, “Phantoms: 100 Fox Tales”; in Japanese). Yoshihiko Sasama. ISBN 4-639-01544-5
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune-Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (hu2), Wade-Giles hu2)

  1. a fox

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*ho)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồ)

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