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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input (KHIAV), four-corner 43232, composition)

  1. wolf

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 712, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20432
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1124, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1350, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+72FC

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (狼), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 魯當切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑŋ/ /lɑŋ/ /lɑŋ/ /lɑŋ/ /laŋ/ /lɑŋ/ /lɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
láng ‹ lang › /*[r]ˤaŋ/ wolf

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8019 0 /*raːŋ/ 甲文作𤜪

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. wolf

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

opokami > oɸokami > owokami > ookami > oːkami. Literally “great god”, from (opo, great) and (kami, god).

Noun[edit]

(counter , hiragana おおかみ, romaji ōkami, historical hiragana おほかみ)

  1. wolf; Canis lupus
    • 794: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki
      狐狼 上扈反, 倭言岐都禰, 又狐諼獸鬼所乘有三徳, 狐疑不定也, 狼音良, 訓, 似犬也, 倭言大神
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 7 page 56)
      犲狼 [...] 説文云、狼、音郎、於保加美、和名二字、本草和名、犲皮、和名於保加美、雄略紀、豺狼二字同訓、貝原氏曰、狼、於保加美 [...]
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 18 page 17) (Shinpukuji manuscript)
      犲狼: 兼名苑云狼一名犲音於説文云狼音即和名於保加美似犬而銃頭白頬者也爾雅注云獥音叫狼子也
    • c. 1177-1188: Iroha Jiruishō
      狼(オホカミ)
    • 1444: Kagakushū (Volume 13)
      狼(ヲヽカミ)

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Corrupted form of ōkami.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おおかめ, romaji ōkame)

  1. wolf; Canis lupus
    • 1593: Esopono fabulas (Aesop's Fables), "Vôcameto, fitcujino tatoyeno coto"
      Aru cauabatani vôcamemo, fitcujimo mizzuuo nomuni, [...]
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 697)
      Vôcame. ヲゥカメ (狼) 狼.
    • 1632: Diego Collado, Dictionarium Sive Thesauri Linguae Iaponicae Compendium, p. 75
      Lupus, i: lobo: yàmàinu. vel, vocame:

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(rang, nang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: rang, nang, McCune-Reischauer: rang, nang, Yale: lang, nang)
  1. (이리 랑, iri-): wolf

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lang, lừa)

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