猶予う

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 3

Etymology 1[edit]

Read as いさよう (isayou) in the Nara Period, alternating with いざよう (izayou) in the Heian Period, and settling on いざよう (izayou) thereafter.

Derived as a compound from いさ (isa, interjection of hesitation or introduction; compare to English so, which may be used as a hesitation word or to introduce a new topic) + suffix element よふ.

The origin of the latter portion remains unclear. May be (yo, particle indicating origin or means) + (fu, auxiliary verb indicating repetition or ongoing state, spelled and pronounced as う, u in modern Japanese). Alternately, may be 酔う (you, to be intoxicated or unsteady; formerly spelled よふ, yofu in hiragana).

The kanji are examples of ateji.

Verb[edit]

猶予う (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana いざよう, romaji izayou, historical hiragana いざよふ)

  1. To pause, to hesitate.
Conjugation[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Derived from the noun たゆた (tayuta, undecidedness, unsettledness) + auxiliary verb (fu, indicating repetition or ongoing state, spelled and pronounced as う, u in modern Japanese).

The kanji are examples of ateji.

Verb[edit]

猶予う (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana たゆたう, romaji tayutau, historical hiragana たゆたふ)

  1. To bob, to move about uncertainly as a floating item moves about on the surface of water or some other liquid.
  2. To be undecided or uncertain.
  3. To pause or hesitate due to indecision; to dally, to dawdle.
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is more commonly spelled 揺蕩う.

Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]