Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大竹竹口月 (KHHRB), four-corner 41227)

  1. lion

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 717, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20609
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1128, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1363, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7345

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping si1, Yale si1)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. a lion

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. a lion

Usage notes[edit]

Very rarely used on its own. The shishi reading is almost always spelled as 獅子.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)


Mandarin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese /ʃɣiɪ/, from Old Chinese /*srij/, likely from Middle Persian 𐭱𐭩𐭥 (šēr).

獅 / 獅子 / 師 / 師子 was first mentioned in the Book of Han (finished 111 CE), in the description of the "specialties" of the 烏弋山離 country in the Western Regions. 烏弋山離 in Old Chinese had a pronunciation of /*ʔa lək sren raj/, hence referring to *Alexandria, likely "Alexandria Prophthasia", which was part of the Parthian Empire during the time of Han, speaking an Indo-Iranian language.

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin shī (shi1), Wade-Giles shih1)

  1. a lion

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: sư

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999