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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
玉-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
玉-jorder.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a Chinese Radical)

Etymology[edit]

玉 玉 玉
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

The character was similar to . The dot have been added to differentiate them. It originally meant "blemished jade". Also written (su4) for the same reason.

Pictogram (象形) : a picture of a 琮 (cong), a sort of ritual jade totem.

It is also interpreted as three pieces of jade strung together on a string.

References[edit]

  • Richard Sears, "玉 etymology" (in Mandarin/English), Chinese Etymology. URL accessed on 2014-02-18.
  • 2005, William McNaughton, Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, edition 2nd Edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 15:

Han character[edit]

(radical 96 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一土戈 (MGI), four-corner 10103)

  1. jade, originally nephrite but now including jadeite as well
  2. precious stone, gem

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 726, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20821
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1100, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7389

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping juk6, Yale yuk6)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ nyuk8, Guangdong ngiuk8; niuk8 [Meixian, Hong Kong], Hagfa Pinyim ngiug6)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たま, romaji tama)

  1. ball

Etymology 2[edit]

on'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぎょく, romaji gyoku)

  1. precious stone
  2. a chicken’s egg (to be eaten)
  3. a stock being traded
  4. geisha

Etymology 3[edit]

Abbreviation of 玉将

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぎょく, romaji gyoku)

  1. king in shogi

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ok, McCune-Reischauer: ok, Yale: ok)

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (yu4), Wade-Giles 4)

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. jade

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*ngiok)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ gio̍k, gi̍k, TLPA gio̍k (giok8), gi̍k (gik8))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngọc)