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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
玉-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
玉-jorder.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a Chinese Radical)

Etymology[edit]

玉 玉 玉
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

The character was similar to . The dot have been added to differentiate them. It originally meant "blemished jade". Also written (su4) for the same reason.

Pictogram (象形) : a picture of a 琮 (cong), a sort of ritual jade totem.

It is also interpreted as three pieces of jade strung together on a string.

References[edit]

  • Richard Sears, "玉 etymology" (in Mandarin/English), Chinese Etymology. URL accessed on 2014-02-18.
  • 2005, William McNaughton, Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, edition 2nd Edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 15:

Han character[edit]

(radical 96 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一土戈 (MGI), four-corner 10103)

  1. jade, originally nephrite but now including jadeite as well
  2. precious stone, gem

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 726, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20821
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1100, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7389

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (玉), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 燭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 魚欲切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨok̚/ /ŋi̯wok̚/ /ŋiok̚/ /ŋiok̚/ /ŋuawk̚/ /ŋĭwok̚/ /ŋiok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngjowk › /*[ŋ](r)ok (< uvular?)/ jade

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15971 0 /*ŋoɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. jade

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たま, romaji tama)

  1. ball

Etymology 2[edit]

on'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぎょく, romaji gyoku)

  1. precious stone
  2. a chicken’s egg (to be eaten)
  3. a stock being traded
  4. geisha

Etymology 3[edit]

Abbreviation of 玉将

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぎょく, romaji gyoku)

  1. king in shogi

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ok, McCune-Reischauer: ok, Yale: ok)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngọc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.