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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
王-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
王-jbw.png
Stroke order
王-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

王 王 王 王
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

The three horizontals strokes represent Heaven, Man and Earth. The vertical stroke is the king, the one who connect them together. Older representation of the character show a man like or above an horizontal stroke.

Pictogram (象形)

The character is also interpreted as a picture of an ax, a symbol of the king's power. A ceremonial axe was kept near the throne, and was used for performing rituals in ancient China.

Han character[edit]

(radical 96 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一土 (MG), four-corner 10104)

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

  1. king, ruler
  2. royal
  3. a surname, listed eighth in the Baijiaxing

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 727, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20823
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1137, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1099, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+738B

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping wong4, wong6, Yale wong4, wong6)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ vông (vong5), Guangdong wong2; vong2, vong2 [Meixian], vong2 [Kwangtung], Hagfa Pinyim ong2, vong2)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

/wau/ > /woː/ > /oː/. Initial /w/ vanishes as the distinction between /o, wo/ was lost.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おう, historical hiragana わう, romaji ō)

  1. the ruler of a nation; a king

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(wang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: wang, McCune-Reischauer: wang, Yale: wang)
  • Name (hangeul): 임금 (revised: imgeum, McCune-Reischauer: imgŭm, Yale: imkum)

Mandarin[edit]

Mandarin Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia cmn

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin wáng (wang2), Wáng (Wang2), Wade-Giles wang2, Wang2)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin wáng)

  1. king, monarch

Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin wáng)

  1. grand, great
  2. best, strongest

Verb[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin wàng)

  1. to reign, to rule

Proper noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin wáng)

  1. a Chinese surname

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-18.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*hiuɑng, hiuɑ̀ng)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ ông (ong5))

Descendants[edit]

  • (Hokkien dialect) Tagalog: Ong, Wong

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vương, vướng)