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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
甘-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 99 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 廿一 (TM), four-corner 44770)

  1. sweetness
  2. sweet, tasty
  3. accepting of something (e.g. an outcome, a situation)
  4. a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 753, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21643
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1161, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2413, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7518

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (甘), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古三切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑm/ /kɑm/ /kɑm/ /kɑm/ /kam/ /kɑm/ /kɑm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gān ‹ kam › /*[k]ˤ[a]m/ sweet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3652 1 /*kaːm/

Adjective[edit]

  1. sweet
    甘甜 sweet, 甘蔗 sugar cane

Adverb[edit]

  1. willingly
    甘心 to be willing to, 甘愿 willingly

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. abbreviation for Gansu Province 甘肃省 (甘肅省)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune-Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cam)

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