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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally a bolt of lightning, which devolved into its current form which resembles 由 ("Cause") or 甲 ("Armor").

申 申 申 申
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 中田中 (LWL), four-corner 50006, composition)

  1. to state to a superior, report
  2. to extend
  3. ninth of twelve earthly branches (十二支): monkey () of Chinese zodiac

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 758, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21726
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1168, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2526, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7533

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (申), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 失人切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɪn/ /ɕi̯ĕn/ /ɕiĕn/ /ɕin/ /ɕin/ /ɕĭĕn/ /ɕjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shēn ‹ syin › /*l̥ i[n]/ 9th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11235 1 /*hlin/ 甲金文象閃電,後轉註爲電字

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sin) (hangeul , revised shin, McCune-Reischauer shin, Yale shin)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.