異国

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
こく
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Sinitic 異國.

Noun[edit]

異国 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 異國, hiragana いこく, romaji ikoku)

  1. A foreign country; a foreign land; a country external to Japan.
    • 1603-1604: Nippo Jisho (page 329)
      Icocu. イコク Cotonaru cuni. (異なる国) 他の国、あるいは、外国人の国.
    • 1617: Gennabon Kagakushū (page 7)
      異國 (イコク)
Usage notes[edit]

While synonymous with 外国 (gaikoku), this latter term is more common, while 異国 is a more formal term, suggesting “foreign lands, the exotic”.

Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こと
Grade: 6
くに
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese (koto, different, other) +‎ (kuni, country, land).

Noun[edit]

異国 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 異國, hiragana ことくに, romaji kotokuni)

  1. A different land, a strange land.
  2. A foreign country.
Usage notes[edit]

Archaic.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1980 September 27 [1603-1604], Tadao Doi, Hōyaku Nippo Jisho, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-0008-0021-3:
  • 2006 September 27 [1597], Fukkoku Nihon Koten Zenshū: Setsuyōshū, Tōkyō: Gendai Shichō Shinsha, ISBN 4-329-02519-1: