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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
癸-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Unusual etymology – originally a cross potent (cross with cross-bars on its arms), it was re-analyzed as  +  in (large) seal script.

Han character[edit]

(radical 105 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓人一大 (NOMK), four-corner 12430, composition)

  1. the tenth of the ten heavenly stems

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 783, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22660
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1193, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2760, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7678

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (癸), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 居誄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuɪX/ /kwiX/ /kuiX/ /kʷiX/ /kwiX/ /kwiX/ /kjuɪX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guǐ ‹ kjwijX › /*kʷijʔ/ 10th heavenly stem
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4644 1 /*kʷilʔ/ 戴侗雲戣初文;甲文象二工(金文或變二木)相交以度圜,本規初文

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gye) (hangeul , revised gye, McCune-Reischauer kye, Yale kyey)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quý, quấy, quậy)

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