Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: and 𦣻

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
百-order.gif
Stroke order
百-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 106 +1, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一日 (MA), four-corner 10600, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 785, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22679
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1199, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2643, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+767E

Chinese[edit]

Broom icon.svg A user suggests that this Chinese entry be cleaned up, giving the reason: “No part of speech header”.
Please see the discussion on Requests for cleanup(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the problem has been dealt with.

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-r-gja.

Graphically: Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (one, signifying a number) + phonetic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (百), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 陌
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 博陌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣæk̚/ /pɐk̚/ /pɐk̚/ /pɯak̚/ /paɨjk̚/ /pɐk̚/ /pak̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bǎi ‹ paek › /*pˤrak/ hundred

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
194 0 /*praːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hundred
  2. numerous, countless
  3. every, all
  4. entirely, completely, at all
  5. A surname​. Bai (mainland China, Taiwan), Baak, Bak (Hong Kong)

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (百):

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひゃく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (pæk, hundred).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひゃく, romaji hyaku)

  1. hundred
  2. a very many, lots, a lot
  3. one hundred years old, advanced age
Usage notes[edit]

This is the most common term for hundred in modern Japanese.

Idioms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
もも
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/mo1mo1//momo/

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana もも, romaji momo)

  1. (archaic) hundred
  2. (archaic) a very many
Usage notes[edit]

While ho or o is only used in compounds, momo can be used on its own.[2]

Archaic. Generally only found in set phrases or compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/po//ɸo//ho/

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ho)

  1. (obsolete) hundred
  2. (obsolete) a very many
Usage notes[edit]

While momo can be used on its own, ho is only used in compounds, where it has lost the initial consonant and appears instead as o (see below). Generally only used in reference to multiple hundreds of things, as in terms 五百 (io, five hundred; a very many) or 八百 (yao, eight hundred; a very many).[2]

Obsolete. Superseded by o (see below).

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/po//ɸo//ho//o/

From Old Japanese. Change in pronunciation from ho (see above).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji o, historical hiragana )

  1. (archaic) hundred
  2. (archaic) a very many
Usage notes[edit]

While momo can be used on its own, o is only used in compounds. This o was originally pronounced ho (see above). Generally only used in reference to multiple hundreds of things, as in terms 五百 (io, five hundred; a very many) or 八百 (yao, eight hundred; a very many).[2]

Archaic. Generally only found in set phrases and compounds.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(baek, maek)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: baek, maek, McCune-Reischauer: paek, maek, Yale: payk, mayk)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bách, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.