皇考

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

("august") + ("[deceased] father")

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

皇考

  1. (archaic) a posthumous name for fathers in Zhou rituals
    • The Book of Rites, Qu Li II, 122:
      祭王父曰皇祖考,王母曰皇祖妣。父曰皇考,母曰皇妣。夫曰皇辟。生曰父、曰母、曰妻,死曰考、曰妣、曰嬪。
      In sacrificing to them, a grandfather is called 'the sovereign grandfather'; a grandmother, 'the sovereign grandmother'; a father, 'the sovereign father'; a mother, 'the sovereign mother; a husband, 'the sovereign pattern.' While alive, the names of 'father', 'mother', and 'wife' are used; when they are dead, those of 'the completed one', 'the corresponding one', and 'the honored one'.