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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 108 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹廿 (CSHT), four-corner 80107, composition)

  1. basin, tub, pot, bowl

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 793, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22959
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1208, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2558, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+76C6

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping pun4, Yale pun4)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
: a tray.
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
ぼん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (bwon). Compare modern Mandarin (pén).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぼん, romaji bon)

  1. a tray (for carrying e.g. dishes)
  2. (archaic) a flat earthenware pot, bowl, or basin
  3. short for 盆茣蓙 (​bongoza), a woven rush mat for rolling or throwing dice in gambling
  4. a gamling den, a place where gambling happens
  5. a gamble, a match, a contest
  6. a household, a residence, a home (by extension from the sense of having one's own serving tray)
  7. a place for a tryst
  8. the circular area of a 回り舞台 (mawari butai, revolving stage) (from its resemblance to a round serving tray)
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
: Obon. Lighting the welcome beacons in Numazu, Shizuoka Prefecture.
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
ぼん
Grade: S
on'yomi

Short for 盂蘭盆 (Urabon) or 盂蘭盆会 (Urabon'e), from Middle Chinese 盂蘭盆 (hju lan bwon) or 盂蘭盆會 (hju lan bwon hwajH) (compare modern simplified Mandarin 盂兰盆 (yúlánpén) or 盂兰盆会 (yúlánpénhuì)), a transcription of Pali उल्लुम्पन (ullumpana, raising, helping), noun inflection of Pali verb उल्लुम्पयति (ullumpayati, to raise up, to help).

A number of Japanese dictionaries state that this term derives from Sanskrit उल्लम्बन (ullambana), purportedly meaning “hanging upside-down” in reference to the souls of the dead being tortured in hell by being strung up by their feet.[2][3][4][5] However, the Sanskrit word would be the noun inflection of verb उल्लम्बयति (ullambayati, to hang something up), with no inherent “upside-down” meaning. Moreover, the purported Sanskrit term's meaning of “hanging upside-down” does not match very well, given that the urabon ceremonies are about helping the dead. And lastly, Buddhism was transmitted by speakers of Pali. All of this suggests that explanations of the dead hanging upside-down in hell are more likely to be folk etymologies based on a mistaken connection to Sanskrit, rather than a more direct semantic link to Pali. Incidentally, the Japanese character for Sanskrit is pronounced identically.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぼん, romaji bon)

  1. an offering or votive at Obon

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ぼん, romaji Bon)

  1. the Obon or Bon Festival, an event with Buddhist roots, celebrated on July 15
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぼに
Grade: S
Irregular

Alteration from bon, where the final moraic n changed to ni.[2][3] Compare the Japanese given name 紫苑 and the similar development of reading Shioni from Shion.

Obsolete reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ぼに, romaji Boni)

  1. (obsolete) the Obon festival (see above)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  4. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  5. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bun) (hangeul , revised bun, McCune-Reischauer pun, Yale pun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (ke3) (Can we verify(+) this pronunciation?), pén (pen2), Wade-Giles k'o3, p'en2)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin mǐn, classifier )

  1. bassin, tub
  2. pot
  3. unit of volume equal to 12 and 8 ( 128 liters)

Measure word[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin mǐn)

  1. measure word for things in a container

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-01.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bồn, buồn, vồn, bòn, dồn)

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Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: bòn, bồn, buồn, buồng

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999