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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note the difference in the upper right component between Chinese, where it resembles (half of , ), and Japanese, where it is rather .

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + . Note the replacements / and .

Han character[edit]

(radical 108 +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 尸戈月廿 (SIBT), 尸一月廿 (SMBT), four-corner 78107, composition ⿱⿰𠂉)

  1. supervise, control, direct

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 796, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23032
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1210, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2566, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+76E3

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (監), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 銜
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 谷銜切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣam/ /kam/ /kam/ /kɯam/ /kaɨm/ /kam/ /kam/
Character (監), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 銜
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 格懺切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣamH/ /kamH/ /kamH/ /kɯamH/ /kaɨmH/ /kamH/ /kamH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiān ‹ kaem › /*[k]ˤram/ inspect
jiàn ‹ kaemH › /*kˤram-s/ mirror

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6103 1 /*kraːm/ 鑑初文,象人俯視皿水察容(林義光陳獨秀說),非形聲字
6106 1 /*kraːms/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. oversee
  2. bureaucrat
  3. government agency or office
  4. manage
  5. control or own

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune-Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giam, giám, giớm, giợm, róm, giấm, lổm, ram, rướm, xám)

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