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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
目-bw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 109 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月山 (BU), four-corner 60101, composition)

Stroke order
目-order.gif

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 798, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23105
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1213, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2467, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76EE

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Pictogram (象形): stylized depiction of the human eye, rotated 90 degrees. Compare the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓁹.

目 目 目 目
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-mjak ~ s-mik. Cognate with Tibetan མིག (mig, eye), Burmese မျက် (myak, eye, face).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (目), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 屋
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 莫六切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨuk̚/ /mi̯uk̚/ /miuk̚/ /miuk̚/ /muwk̚/ /mĭuk̚/ /miuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mjuwk › /*C.m(r)[u]k/ eye

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9333 1 /*muɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min) eye
    (→ )
  2. eyesight
  3. to look, to view, to see
  4. to wink at
  5. to judge, to comment on
  6. opinion, viewpoint
  7. to view as, to regard
  8. hole, eyelet
  9. item, entry
  10. title, headline
  11. section
  12. list, catalogue, table of contents
  13. name
  14. target, goal
  15. chief, head, leader
  16. (taxonomy) order
Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Old Japanese. Older, unbound form of (me2). Cognate with 見る (miru, to see). Never found in isolation in modern Japanese. Remains as the first syllable of various compounds.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. (anatomy) eye
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/me2/ *[məj] → /me/ [me]. Compound of (ma, unbound form) +‎ (i, emphatic nominal particle). Now the modern Japanese term for eye.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji me)

  1. (anatomy) eye
     ()がかゆいです。
    Me ga kayui desu.
    My eyes feel itchy.
Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -me)

  1. -st, -nd, -rd, or -th, for ordinal numbers (e.g. 8th or eighth, 9th or ninth)
    三本 (さんぼん) ()のボトル
    sanbon-me no botoru
    third bottle

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
もく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese . Go'on, so likely an older borrowed reading. Compare modern Cantonese [[目#Cantonese|/muk⁶/]], or modern Wu /mʊ̆ʔ¹²/

Noun[edit]

(hiragana もく, romaji moku)

  1. (biology) an order in biology: smaller than a class, bigger than a family
  2. a playing piece in a board game, a stone in the game of go
  3. a point in the game of go
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

目 + する (hiragana もくする, romaji moku suru)

  1. to regard, to look upon
  2. to see, to look (uncommon)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぼく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese . Kan'on, so likely a later borrowed reading. Compare modern Min Nan [[目#Min Nan|/bo̍k/]].

Only used in compounds.

Affix[edit]

(hiragana ぼく, romaji boku)

  1. an eye
  2. a look or appearance
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: mok, Yale: mok)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: nun, McCune-Reischauer: nun)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mục, mụt, vĩnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.