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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
目-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): stylized depiction of the human eye, rotated 90 degrees. Compare the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓁹.

目 目 目 目
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 109 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月山 (BU), four-corner 60101, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 798, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23105
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1213, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2467, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76EE

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (目), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 屋
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 莫六切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨuk̚/ /mi̯uk̚/ /miuk̚/ /miuk̚/ /muwk̚/ /mĭuk̚/ /miuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mjuwk › /*C.muk {*C.m(r)[u]k}/ eye
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9333 1 /*muɡ/

Etymology[edit]

Middle Chinese (mjuk), Old Chinese *mjəkʷ. Cognate with Old Tibetan མིག (mig, eye).[1]

Noun[edit]

  1. (literary, classical) eye
  2. item
  3. section
  4. list, catalogue, table of contents
  5. (taxonomy) order
  6. target, goal
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 《汉藏语同源词综探》,全广镇

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Old Japanese. Older, unbound form of (me2). Cognate with 見る (miru, to see). Never found in isolation in modern Japanese. Remains as the first syllable of various compounds.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. (anatomy) eye
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/me2/ *[məj] → /me/ [me]. Compound of (ma, unbound form) +‎ (i, emphatic nominal particle). Now the modern Japanese term for eye.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji me)

  1. (anatomy) eye
     ()がかゆいです。
    Me ga kayui desu.
    My eyes feel itchy.
Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -me)

  1. -st, -nd, -rd, or -th, for ordinal numbers (e.g. 8th or eighth, 9th or ninth)
    三本 (さんぼん) ()のボトル
    sanbon-me no botoru
    third bottle

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
もく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese . Go'on, so likely an older borrowed reading. Compare modern Cantonese [[目#Cantonese|/muk⁶/]], or modern Wu /mʊ̆ʔ¹²/

Noun[edit]

(hiragana もく, romaji moku)

  1. (biology) an order in biology: smaller than a class, bigger than a family
  2. a playing piece in a board game, a stone in the game of go
  3. a point in the game of go
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

目 + する (hiragana もくする, romaji moku suru)

  1. to regard, to look upon
  2. to see, to look (uncommon)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぼく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese . Kan'on, so likely a later borrowed reading. Compare modern Min Nan [[目#Min Nan|/bo̍k/]].

Only used in compounds.

Affix[edit]

(hiragana ぼく, romaji boku)

  1. an eye
  2. a look or appearance
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: mok, Yale: mok)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: nun, McCune-Reischauer: nun)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mục, mụt, vĩnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.