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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
直-order.gif
Taiwanese
stroke order
直-torder.gif
Japanese stroke order
直-jbw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

Note the different forms, which differ in two respects: simplified does not have a left vertical stroke, while the traditional form has a left vertical stroke; and in simplified form, the top component is connected with the bottom, while in traditional they are separated – this last difference is shared with the related character and the unrelated character . The traditional form and stroke order are used in Japan and Taiwan.

Etymology[edit]

Original (in oracle script) a vertical line emerging from the top of a nose 自, in present form resembles a cross 十 over 目. The line on the side appears in bronze script and subsequently stretched under the 目 shape, while the traditional form appears in seal script. The top component has been relatively unstable, taking on other shapes such as – compare , and different forms of .

Han character[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

(radical 109 +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十月一一 (JBMM), four-corner 40716)

  1. straight, erect, vertical
  2. alignment, aligned, harmonious

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 800, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23136
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1215, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 61, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+76F4

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale jik6)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jik) (hangeul , revised jik, McCune-Reischauer chik, Yale cik)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin xuán (xuan2), zhí (zhi2), Wade-Giles hsüan2, chih2)

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trực, chực, sực)