真剣

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 3
けん
Grade: S
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 眞劍 (*tsyin *kjæmH, real sword). Compare modern Mandarin traditional 眞劍 and simplified 真剑 (zhēnjiàn).

The original meaning was real sword. Over time, this shifted, and the term is now often used to mean serious.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

真剣 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 眞劍, -na inflection, hiragana しんけん, romaji shinken)

  1. serious, sincere, intense, honest

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

真剣 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 眞劍, hiragana しんけん, romaji shinken)

  1. seriousness
  2. a real metal sword, as opposed to a wooden or bamboo sword

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.
  • 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4000801112
  • 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, ISBN 4469021067