知識

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Chinese[edit]

to know; to be aware
 
to record; write a footnote; to know; knowledge
trad. (知識)
simp. (知识)

Etymology[edit]

From  ("to know") +  ("to recognise, to know").

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (知識, reconstructed)
Character (知), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 陟移切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈiᴇ/ /ȶie̯/ /ȶie/ /ʈiɛ/ /ʈiə̆/ /ȶǐe/ /ȶjɛ/
Character (識), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 職
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 賞職切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨk̚/ /ɕi̯ək̚/ /ɕiək̚/ /ɕɨk̚/ /ɕik̚/ /ɕĭək̚/ /ɕiek̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (知識, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhī ‹ trje › /*tre/ know

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11495 0 /*ʔl'e/ 沈兼士依韻會所引說文從口矢聲
17244 0 /*tjɯɡs/ 戠轉註字

Noun[edit]

知識

  1. knowledge
  2. intellect; intelligence

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (知識):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
しき
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

知識 (hiragana ちしき, romaji chishiki)

  1. knowledge
    知識 (ちしき) ()
    chishiki o eru
    to acquire knowledge

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

知識 (jisik) (hangeul 지식)

  1. Hanja form? of 지식, “knowledge”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

知識

  1. Hán tự form of tri thức, "knowledge"