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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
矮-bw.png
simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

might be an abbreviated form of (short).

For mnemotechnical reasons, this character is sometimes decomposed as + + , things that are short in their category. This not the character etymology.

References[edit]

  • Lawrence J. Howell, Hikaru Morimoto, "" (in Japanese/English), An Etymological Dictionary of Chinese Character Interpretations. URL accessed on 2014-02-22.
  • 2005, William McNaughton, Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, edition 2nd Edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 10:

Han character[edit]

(radical 111 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人大竹木女 (OKHDV), four-corner 82444, composition)

  1. short, dwarf
  2. low

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 825, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23995
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1238, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2585, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+77EE

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping aai2, ai2, ngai2, Yale aai2, ai2, ngai2)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(wae) (hangeul , revised wae, McCune-Reischauer wae, Yale way)


Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin ǎi
Zhuyin ㄞˇ
IPA (key) /ˀaɪ̯²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin ǎi (ai3), Wade-Giles ai3)

Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin ǎi)

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) short (of stature)
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) low

Min Nan[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified, POJ é)

  1. (not tall) short

References[edit]

  • "" (in Taiwanese/English), On-line Taiwanese/Mandarin Dictionary (台文/華文線頂辭典). URL accessed on 2011-01-29.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ải)