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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
石-bw.png
Stroke order
石-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): a stone beneath a cliff (). The cliff was subsequently distorted into .

Alternatively, a cave set into the side of a cliff or mountain.

Han character[edit]

(radical 112 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一口 (MR), four-corner 10600, composition)

  1. stone, rock, mineral
  2. rad. 112
  3. A surname
  4. An ancient unit of weight

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 827, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24024
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1239, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2416, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+77F3
  • Walsh, Len (2002). Read Japanese Today. Vermont: Tuttle. 47.

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (石), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 昔
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 常隻切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇk̚/ /ʑi̯ɛk̚/ /ʑiɛk̚/ /d͡ʑiɛk̚/ /d͡ʑiajk̚/ /ʑĭɛk̚/ /d͡ʑiæk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shí ‹ dzyek › /*dAk/ stone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11470 0 /*djaɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. a unit of dry measure for grain (equal to 100 liters)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いし, romaji ishi)

  1. stone

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seok, McCune-Reischauer: sŏk, Yale: sek)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thạch, đán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Wu[edit]

Han character[edit]

石 Shanghainese: zaʔ², zah

  1. a stone, a rock, mineral
  2. rad. 112
  3. A surname

石 Shanghainese: tae

  1. a unit of dry measure for grain (equal to 100 liters)